Off-Road Discovery


Tag: overland

Winch Recovery

Land Rover Defenders Demonstrating Basic Rules and Guidelines for Winch Recovery

There are MANY cases a winch comes in handy and it’s not just when you are stuck. A winch can also get you out of tight spots that may otherwise damage the vehicle or environment around it. Keep reading to get the basic rules and guidelines to recovering a vehicle with a winch.

This content was developed by and owned by Paul Sinkinson, Xplorability owner. Paul is a 4wd Defensive Driver Training Consultant/Trainer and Programme Developer.

Going to need to winch out of this one

4x4 overland land-rover

techniques on how recover with a winch...


4x4 a Water Crossing

Exhilarating and Challenging Off-Road Driving

There is one thing I can tell you about water – it’s WET!

As a Boat Builder/Designer/Marina Developer and Owner for 30 years as one of my businesses, I can confirm that “WET” and Mechanical/Electrical working parts don’t go well together.

Water crossings can provide some of the most exhilarating and challenging 4x4 Driving around. They can also prove to be the most expensive! So, if you’re not an Auto Mechanic or Auto Electrician then be prepared for those less agreeable quotes from your local 4x4 garage that usually start with “Open your Wallet Sir and say after me HELP YOURSELF!”

This content was developed by and owned by Paul Sinkinson, Xplorability owner. Paul is a 4wd Defensive Driver Training Consultant/Trainer and Programme Developer.

Land Rover Discovery going for a swim

This really is as extreme as you ever want to go unless you are an Olympic Swimmer. This was on a 4wd Trek drive by a very experienced off-roader in a well prepared Discovery BUT it could still have been touch and go at this depth.

4x4 land-rover overland

techniques on how to 4x4 through water...


Rough and Rocky Tracks

As Slow as Possible and as Fast as Necessary

Rough and rocky tracks come in all shape and form. They can be up in the mountains, in amongst the forests and even in the desert. Yes, I did say desert, not all deserts are just sand.

When you are faced with driving such features, you need first to think back to the very basics of 4wd and check out the previous articles on Hazard Identification, Vehicle Geometric Limitations, Ascents and Descents as well as the one on ABS,TC and HDC Controls. If you don’t take these and the various driving techniques into consideration you are likely to be inviting trouble or failure.

Hang Ups & Dangly Bits

That’s right, Hang Ups and Dangly Bits to be discussed first…

This content was developed by and owned by Paul Sinkinson, Xplorability owner. Paul is a 4wd Defensive Driver Training Consultant/Trainer and Programme Developer.

Land Rover Discovery 2 Off-Road Training: Rough and Rocky Terrain

4x4 overland

techniques on how to drive in rocky conditions...


Guidelines to Driving on Snow and Ice

Interesting Stuff Snow!

Interesting stuff Snow!

If I may, I’ll start this article off with a bit of humour as it hopefully will bring folks a better understanding of Snow and Ice.

I first came across the “White Stuff” in the late 1940’s the morning after one of the UK’s major blizzards. A family member was all excited to show it to me. I stood in awe as they opened the front door and they were shouting something that to me sounded like “Dwift” – Look, a big “Dwift.” Towering above me the full height of the door-frame was this large “Dwift” of the stuff. I stuck out my hand and had my first lesson about Snow; sometimes it has no support strength. It all fell in through the doorway and buried me; didn’t take much to do that as I was only 2 years old at the time.

What is All This White Stuff??

Kids and Snow

4x4 skiing overland

techniques on how to drive in snow...


How to Drive on Sand Without Getting Stuck

Expert Tips on Driving in Sand

Do you have the pleasure to live or travel in a sandy location? Tropical beach, rolling sand hills or maybe it’s the desert for work. No matter where your sandy destination is be alert of the challenges of driving in sand. Too many people join the ‘digging club’ and it’s one club you’d rather avoid.

Please note this is general Sand not Desert Driving, although many of the basic principles are the same, Desert Driving is a “long” discussion in itself and we may cover that at a later date.

This content was developed by and owned by Paul Sinkinson, Xplorability owner. Paul is a 4wd Defensive Driver Training Consultant/Trainer and Programme Developer.

Beautiful Beach

4x4 overland

techniques on how to drive in sand ...


Off-Road Rollovers

Why Do They Happen?

Following on from the On-Road Rollover information the same Laws of Motion, Physics and Vehicle Dynamics apply in conjunction with the driver’s experience.

Believe me, there are some very experienced off-road drivers out there who in the “panic” of the moment do forget their basic training. Despite how good we think we are, nobody is perfect all of the time.

Off-Road Rollovers occur on all types of terrain. You can be driving at any speed on a straight track, cornering, ascending or descending hills, traversing side slopes.

Let’s have a look at the most common causes and faults.

This content was developed by and owned by Paul Sinkinson, Xplorability owner. Paul is a 4wd Defensive Driver Training Consultant/Trainer and Programme Developer.

Vehicle rollover common causes and faults

4x4 overland

Tips for reducing the likelihood of a vehicle rollover ...


On-Road Rollovers

Reduce the Likelihood of a Rollover

What is the cause of on-road rollovers?

Remember what Newton’s 3rd Law of Motion states: For every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction

When driving, whether it be On-Road or Off-Road, if the vehicle tilts at an angle from a maneuver such as losing a wheel off the edge of the road or into a rut, ditch or even just a variance in the terrain the driver will usually immediately react to this. Here are tips on what you can do to reduce the likelihood of a rollover. [Off-road rollover tips(/off-road-rollovers) are in the next article.

This content was developed by and owned by Paul Sinkinson, Xplorability owner. Paul is a 4wd Defensive Driver Training Consultant/Trainer and Programme Developer. Avoid On-Road Rollovers

4x4 overland

Tips for reducing the likelihood of a vehicle rollover ...


Gravel and Country Roads

Defensive Driving on Gravel

In many Countries rural areas are a large part of the road network and consists of low surface grade or gravel roads. The reason for this is that tarred roads are expensive to build, and are not particularly necessary if they don’t carry a lot of traffic. Gravel roads are inexpensive and easy to maintain. The only drawback is that people who use them have to drive slower and need to use a slightly different set of driving skills.

Most vehicles operators and handbooks explain how to drive on gravel roads. Unfortunately, many drivers don’t bother to listen or read the information available, and so every year a number of people cease being travelers and become statistics.

This content was developed by and owned by Paul Sinkinson, Xplorability owner. Paul is a 4wd Defensive Driver Training Consultant/Trainer and Programme Developer.

Gravel Road

4x4 overland

Tips on how to manage gravel roads ...


Uphill and Down Dale

4x4 Through Mud and Ruts

Normally at this time of the year I would not wander about on muddy tracks, as I prefer to follow the “Tread Lightly” Policy. Fortunately around my local forest there are numerous sustainable routes. However, with this topic in mind, today I made an exception and so I checked out a normally solid track that I know does rut up when the forestry vehicles use it for access. I wasn’t disappointed!

This content was developed by and owned by Paul Sinkinson, Xplorability owner. Paul is a 4wd Defensive Driver Training Consultant/Trainer and Programme Developer.

Land Rover Outing

4x4 overland

Tips for driving in mud and ruts, whoot whoot ...


Descending Hills and Slopes

4WD Tips and Tricks on Steep Terrain

Driving steep terrain is exciting but can also be dangerous, worst case you can roll and keep rolling.

This content was developed by and owned by Paul Sinkinson, Xplorability owner. Paul is a 4wd Defensive Driver Training Consultant/Trainer and Programme Developer.

Driving Steep Terrain - having fun & being safe

4x4 overland

Tips for driving down hills and slopes ...